China is engineering ambitious programmes to conserve and expand forests with the goal of mitigating land degradation, air pollution and climate change.
India and China are leading the global greening effort, which is quite contrary to the general perception worldwide, a latest NASA study said on February 11, observing that the world is a greener place than it was 20 years ago.
The NASA study based on data received and analysed from its satellite said that India and China are leading in greening on land. “China and India account for one-third of the greening but contain only 9 per cent of the planet’s land area covered in vegetation,” said lead author Chi Chen of Boston University.
“That is a surprising finding, considering the general notion of land degradation in populous countries from over exploitation,” he said.
China alone accounts for 25 percent of the global net increase in leaf area with only 6.6 percent of global vegetated area.
The greening in China is from forests (42 percent) and croplands (32 percent), but in India it is mostly from croplands (82 percent) with minor contribution from forests (4.4 per cent), the NASA study said.