UK inflation falls to lowest level in two years

Fall in fuel and clothing prices spur drop to 2.1%

UK inflation fell to its lowest level in nearly two years in December after a fall in fuel petrol prices offered some respite to consumers who are reining in spending as Brexit looms.

The annual rate dipped to 2.1% from 2.3% in November, the weakest since January 2017, according to the Office for National Statistics.

Petrol prices fell to an eight-month low in December after a drop in the price of crude oil. The cost of a litre of petrol fell by 6.4p between November and December, compared with a rise of 0.8p a litre in the same period a year earlier.

Inflation also fell after the cost of air and sea travel rose less than a year earlier. Clothing and footwear prices fell 0.9% in the year to December, as retailers slashed prices in a bid to win customers over the crucial festive trading season.

What is inflation and why does it matter?

Mike Hardie at the ONS said: “Inflation eased mainly due to a big fall in petrol, with oil prices tumbling in recent months. Air fares also helped push down the rate, with seasonal prices rising less than they did last year. These were partially offset by small rises in hotel prices and mobile phone charges.”

The easing of consumer price rises in December took the inflation rate to just a touch above the Bank of England’s official target of 2%, giving policymakers breathing space to consider Brexit developments before making a move on interest rates.

Ruth Gregory, senior UK economist at Capital Economics, said: “With inflation within a whisker off its 2% target, the [Bank’s rate-setting] monetary policy committee will probably feel comfortable in waiting until Brexit uncertainty is resolved before moving again.”

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